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pathophysiology of dementia





The pathophysiology of dementia varies from person to person; however, there are certain key elements of dementia that are relatively the same for a patient who has dementia.

Dementia entails many kinds of diseases—diseases that affect one’s memory, how one thinks and reasons and how a person cares for himself.

The Pathophysiology of Dementia and its Stages

Some physicians feel that dementia has three distinct stages. In Stage One of dementia the patient becomes aware—due to certain events in his or her life—that he or she is not remembering or thinking as well they did in the past. In Stage One a person becomes quite skilled in covering up memory loss. Those around the dementia patient notice a lapse in memory now and then but may think that their loved one or friend is just having an off day or memory loss due to the aging process. When this happens, a loved one or friend may give them a notebook or a small calendar to help them remember.

At Stage One, if you see this happening to someone you love, you can remind them now and then about important dates, advise them to talk with their family doctor on their memory loss, or talk with them about possibly living in an independent facility—should their health and memory deteriorate.

In Stage Two, the dementia patient’s memory becomes worse and more obvious. The memory loss becomes more noticeable and the patient asks many questions over and over. In addition, a person who normally is neat in appearance may suddenly become irresponsible with their clothes and stubborn. Also, a person who normally is happy in social settings may become more reclusive. If these symptoms occur with someone you love, talk with him or her about seeing a doctor and getting a diagnosis on their change in behavior. It is also important at this stage of the illness to make sure that he or she completes any legal and medial paperwork so that when they become incapable of making sound decisions, someone can be there to help. It is also important to check on this person often to make sure that he or she is taking medications, that they get out now and then and that the furniture in their home is safe.

Stage Three ushers in even more changes with the dementia patient. At this stage communication may be almost extinct. At this stage in dementia the patient will need supervision that is constant and daily to ensure that they stay safe and well. The patient will also need help with bathing and dressing and will not be able to live alone.

Understanding the Pathophysiology of Dementia

At this stage the patient will need extra special help—especially when it comes to communicating with others such as the family physician and expressing to others that they’re not feeling well and need help. In addition, a patient at this stage may also need help that comes from hospice.

At this time there doesn’t seem to be a way to prevent dementia; however, some experts in this field think that staying physically and mentally active helps to keep one more focused. Activities like reading, playing games, dancing and knitting may also help.

To conclude, the pathophysiology of dementia needs to be carefully observed as the patient of this disease progresses from one stage to another; however, for more analysis and help on this important topic, talk with your physician or a neurologist.

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Online Memory Test

    What take an online memory test?:

  • Again, it must be reiterated that forgetfulness is something that people usually ignore, but it is often the first sign of Alzheimer's disease.
  • An online memory test gives a rough estimate of how good a person's memory is. Most of these tests can be are free and can be completed in under 30 minutes.
  • A low score on a memory test may indicate that a person has a memory problem.
  • it is important to note that these tests are not meant to be diagnostic. Only a physician can determine whether a person has Alzheimer's disease.
  • There are two main types of online memory tests, visual and verbal. A verbal test gives a person a sequence of words to remember. A visual test gives a person pictures or numbers to remember.

Many people would have found that they have Alzheimer's disease earlier if they would have taken an online memory test. Alzheimer's disease is a condition that causes the brain cells to deteriorate. As a result of the lost brain cells, a person will experience a decline in mental function. Other symptoms of Alzheimer's disease include: depression, anxiety, stubbornness and social withdrawal. A person with Alzheimer's disease may also have the tendency to wander and get lost.

Alzheimer's disease most often occurs in people who are in their 40s and 50s. However, it is important to note that it is possible for people who are younger than 40 to develop this condition. Researchers have also found that people who have certain illnesses such as high blood pressure and diabetes are also at an increased risk for developing this condition. Additionally, women and those who have a family history of Alzheimer's disease are more likely to develop it.

The symptoms of Alzheimer's start off mild and then get worse as the condition becomes more advanced. Because the symptoms of this condition are initially mild, they can easily be overlooked. For example, a person may attribute his or her forgetfulness to getting older. That is why people who are becoming increasingly forgetful should consider taking an online memory test.